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Abstract

The aim of this paper was to investigate if maternal education had a predictive effect for children’s allocation preferences across a variety of collectivistic and individualistic countries. It was predicted that maternal education would serve as a significant predictor such that as maternal education increases so will sharing to reflect an endorsement of merit, equity, and empathy. It was also predicted that certain patterns would emerge across 13 countries as they related to the varying levels of individualistic and collectivistic values in those countries. Of the thirteen countries studied, only three yielded significant results. It was found that in China and the United States, as maternal education increased, so did children’s preferences for giving more candies to an injured recipient based on empathetic concern. The opposite was observed in Canada. Limitations and implications are discussed.

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