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Abstract

Coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CE$\nu$NS) has the largest predicted cross-section of all low-energy neutrino couplings. However, as a neutral-current interaction, the only experimental signature of CE$\nu$NS is a low-energy nuclear recoil, which made its detection challenging. CE$\nu$NS remained unobserved for over four decades. I will describe the experiment that resulted in a CE$\nu$NS observation at a 6.7-sigma confidence level, which was performed in the framework of the COHERENT collaboration. A low-background, 14.6-kg CsI[Na] scintillator was exposed to the neutrino emissions from the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Characteristic CE$\nu$NS signatures in energy and time, compatible with predictions from the Standard Model, were observed in high signal-to-background conditions. CE$\nu$NS provides new opportunities to study neutrino properties, and enables the miniaturization of detectors.

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